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I-Hotspot: Isimo e-Russia nase-Ukraine sivumela ukuthunyelwa ngaphandle kwe-graphite electrode yase-China

Njengoba kuqhubeka ukushuba kwesimo phakathi kweRussia ne-Ukraine, unswinyo olwathweswa iRussia yi-Europe kanye ne-United States namanye amazwe luye lwadlondlobala, kanti amanye amabhizinisi amakhulu aseRussia ezimboni (njengeSeverstal Steel) nawo amemezele ukuthi azoyeka ukuphakela i-EU.Ngokuthintwa yilokhu, amanani entengo yempahla emhlabeni jikelele asanda kukhuphuka, ikakhulukazi emikhiqizweni ethile ehlobene eduze neRussia (njenge-aluminium, amakhoyili agingqelwe ashisayo, amalahle, njll.)

1. Ukungenisa nokuthekelisa kwama-electrode e-graphite eRussia

I-Russia ingumthengisi ophelele wama-graphite electrode.Umthamo wonyaka wokungenisa wama-graphite electrode ungamathani angama-40,000, okuthi ngaphezu kwesigamu sezinsizakusebenza zivela eShayina, kanti ezinye zivela eNdiya, eFrance naseSpain.Kepha ngasikhathi sinye, iRussia nayo inamathani acishe abe ngu-20,000 wama-graphite electrode athunyelwa minyaka yonke, ikakhulukazi e-United States, e-European Union, eBelarus, eKazakhstan nakwamanye amazwe.Njengoba izithando eziningi zikagesi ezitholakala emazweni ashiwo ngenhla zingaphezu kwamathani angu-150, ama-electrode e-graphite athunyelwa yiRussia nawo ikakhulukazi ama-electrode amakhulu anamandla amakhulu.

Mayelana nokukhiqizwa, umkhiqizi oyinhloko wama-electrode wasekhaya eRussia yi-Energoprom Group, enezimboni ze-graphite electrode eNovocherkassk, Novosibirsk, naseChelyabinsk.Umthamo wonyaka wokukhiqiza wama-electrode e-graphite angaba amathani angu-60,000, kanti okukhiphayo kwangempela kungamathani angu-30,000-40,000 ngonyaka.Ngaphezu kwalokho, inkampani kawoyela yesine ngobukhulu eRussia ihlela ukwakha amaphrojekthi amasha wenaliti ye-coke nama-graphite electrode.

Ngokombono wesidingo, okwamanje, ngaphezu kwengxenye yama-electrode aphezulu-amandla aphezulu eRussia angeniswa kwamanye amazwe, amandla ajwayelekile ikakhulukazi atholakala ekhaya, futhi amandla aphezulu ngokuyisisekelo abalelwa ingxenye.

2. Ukushayela ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe ama-electrode e-graphite e-China

Kuyaqondakala ukuthi ngemva kwempi phakathi kweRussia ne-Ukraine, ngenxa yomthelela ophindwe kabili wokwenyuka kwezindleko zokukhiqiza kanye nokuphazamiseka kokuthekelisa kweRussia, ukucaphuna kwama-electrode amakhulu anamandla amakhulu kwezinye izimakethe zaseYurophu sekufinyelele cishe ku-5,500. US dollar / ton.Uma sibheka imakethe yomhlaba wonke, ngaphandle kokwandiswa okuncane kwamandla okukhiqiza abakhiqizi be-electrode base-Indian graphite eminyakeni yamuva nje, umthamo wokukhiqiza uzinzile ngokuqhathaniswa, ngakho-ke kuyithuba elihle kubakhiqizi baseShayina be-graphite electrode.Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ingakhuphula ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe emazweni e-EU, futhi ama-electrode amakhulu we-ultra-high-power angagcwalisa ingxenye yemakethe yaseRussia yasekuqaleni cishe amathani ayi-15,000-20,000.Izimbangi ezinkulu kungenzeka kube yi-United States neJapan;Ekwehliseni ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe e-EU e-Russia, imbangi enkulu ingaba yiNdiya.

Sekukonke, kulindeleke ukuthi lokhu kungqubuzana kwezwe kungakhuphula ukuthunyelwa kwe-graphite electrode yezwe lami ngamathani ayi-15,000-20,000 ngonyaka.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Mar-08-2022